Зовнішнє незалежне оцінювання в Україні, оригінальний тест ЗНО 2011 року.

Оригінальний ЗНО тест 2011 року з «Англійської мови»

№8. Read the text below. Choose from (A – З) the one which best fits each of (1 – 6). There are two choices you do not need to use.

Introduction to sleep
When you’re in a rush to meet work, school, family, or household responsibilities, do you cut back on your sleep? Like many people, you might think that sleep is merely a "down time" when (1)__________. Think again.

What is sleep?
Sleep was long considered just a uniform block of time when you are not awake. Thanks to sleep studies done over the past several decades, it is now known that sleep has distinctive stages that cycle throughout the night. Your brain stays active throughout sleep, but (2)__________. For instance, certain stages of sleep are indeed for us to feel well rested and energetic the next day, and other stages help us learn or make memories. In brief, a number of vital tasks carried out during sleep help maintain good health and enable people to function at their best. On the other hand, not getting enough sleep can be dangerous - for example, (3)__________ if you drive when you are tired.

How much sleep is enough?
Sleep needs vary from person to person, and (4)__________. Most adults need 7-8 hours of sleep each night. Newborns, on the other hand, sleep between 16 and 18 hours a day, and children in preschool sleep between 10 and 12 hours a day. School-aged children and teens need at least 9 hours of sleep a night. Some people believe (5)__________. But there is no evidence to show that older people can get by with less sleep than younger people. As people age, however, they often get less sleep or they tend to spend less time in the deep, restful stages of sleep.

Why sleep is good for you and skimping on it isn’t
Does it really matter if (6)__________? Absolutely! Not only does the quantity of your sleep matter, but the quality of your sleep is important as well.
  • Аthey change throughout the lifecycle
  • Бthat sleep is needed for creative problem solving
  • Вdifferent things happen during each stage
  • Гit can lead to daytime sleepiness
  • Дthe brain shuts off and the body rests
  • Еthat adults need less sleep as they get older
  • Жyou get enough sleep
  • Зyou are more likely to be in a car crash



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